The purl stitch is the second main stitch in knitting. It is essentially a knit stitch worked on the wrong side of the work. The purl stitch creates a bump on the front and a V on the back. Purl is abbreviated P or p in knitting patterns.
If you’re a new knitter and you’ve never purled before, here’s a quick lesson. The photos show the yarn held in the left hand, but the instructions are the same for both English (right hand carry) and Continental (left hand carry) knitting.
1. With the working yarn in front of the needles, insert the right needle into the first stitch from back to front.
2. Wrap the working yarn around the right needle counter clockwise.
3. Pull the yarn through.
4. Drop the old stitch from the left needle. You now have one new purl stitch on the right needle.