I’ll be doing a few posts about knitted-on borders for shawls. This is the first part of that series.
I’m also working on a little tutorial on how you know if you’ll be joining the border on the RS or WS rows, whether you need a setup row, and if you should have RS or WS facing when you cast on the extra stitches to begin the border. In my examples below the chart points are clearly pointing to the left but sometimes you’ll see the charts with the points going the other way, as in the charts I’ve photographed out of a book. I’ve never seen this explained anywhere, so I’m working up some information for you.
Don’t try to knit from these charts. I haven’t tested them. They’re just to show the basic concepts of how these borders work.
Three Types of Borders
Scalloped borders can be created using increases and decreases, or increases and bind-off sections. These can be knitted separately and sewn onto a garment, or they can be used as a bind-off technique. They are knitted sideways as compared to the main knitted piece.
Here is a chart from a book on my coffee table that shows how these can “point” either way.
Border formed by increases and bind-off sections.
Bottom section has extra yarn overs on RS rows. The increased sts are bound off on row 17.
Here’s a border with binding off to create a sawtooth edge that “points” the other way.
Bias can be used to make scalloped edges.
Top and bottom edges scallop when decreases are stacked vertically. These are two variations on the same theme. If you pick up stitches and work outward to create a border, when you bind off the edge will form points as shown in these examples.
For this type of border, there is no special border shaping, as you can see by the chart being a plain rectangle with no missing stitches. The bias, which is caused by the stacking of the yarn overs and decreases in columns, makes the edge of the knitting to scallop and you can block the scallops to sharp points.